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Disability Lawyers: What They Do and How Much They Cost in 2023

Table of Content

  • What does a disability lawyer do?
  • Do I need a disability lawyer?
  • How to find a disability lawyer
  • What to look for in a disability lawyer
  • How much does a disability lawyer cost?

In today’s world, accessibility and inclusivity are at the forefront of discussions and actions. Regarding individuals with disabilities, there are various legal aspects to consider. Disability lawyers play a vital role in ensuring that the rights of people with disabilities are protected, and that they have access to the resources and accommodations they need. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of disability lawyers, exploring what they do, their services, and how much you can expect to pay for their expertise in 2023.


Living with a disability can present numerous challenges, and navigating the legal landscape can be overwhelming. This is where disability lawyers come into play. They are legal professionals specializing in disability law and can provide valuable assistance in securing benefits and accommodations. In the following sections, we’ll explore the various aspects of disability law, the roles of disability lawyers, when to consider hiring one, and the costs associated with their services in 2023.

What does a disability lawyer do?

A disability lawyer, also known as a Social Security Disability attorney or an ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) lawyer, specializes in representing individuals who are seeking disability benefits or facing discrimination based on their disabilities. Their primary role is to assist clients in navigating the complex legal processes associated with disability claims and discrimination cases. Here are some of the key functions of a disability lawyer:

  1. Assess Eligibility: Disability lawyers help clients determine if they qualify for disability benefits under various programs, such as Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI). They assess medical records, work history, and other relevant factors to establish eligibility.
  2. Application Assistance: These lawyers assist clients in completing and filing disability benefit applications. They ensure that all necessary documentation is included and that the application is submitted correctly and on time.
  3. Appeals: If an initial disability claim is denied, disability lawyers help clients appeal the decision. This often involves preparing a comprehensive appeal and representing the client in administrative hearings or before an appeals council.
  4. Gathering Evidence: Disability lawyers work to gather medical records, expert opinions, and other evidence to support their clients’ claims. They may work closely with medical professionals and vocational experts to build a strong case.
  5. Legal Representation: In cases of discrimination or denial of reasonable accommodations under the ADA, disability lawyers represent clients in legal proceedings against employers, landlords, or businesses. They advocate for the rights of individuals with disabilities.
  6. Negotiation: Disability lawyers may negotiate with government agencies, insurance companies, or other parties to secure favorable outcomes for their clients. This could involve reaching settlements or agreements that ensure their clients receive the benefits or accommodations they need.
  7. Knowledge of Disability Laws: These lawyers have a deep understanding of disability laws, including the ADA and other federal and state regulations. They stay up-to-date with changes in these laws and regulations to provide the most effective representation.
  8. Client Support: Beyond the legal aspects, disability lawyers often provide emotional support and guidance to their clients. Living with a disability or facing discrimination can be challenging, and these lawyers help clients navigate these difficulties.
  9. Advocacy: Disability lawyers are advocates for the rights and well-being of individuals with disabilities. They work to ensure that their clients are treated fairly and receive the support they are entitled to under the law.
  10. Education: They may also educate clients about their rights, responsibilities, and the legal processes involved in disability claims and discrimination cases.

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Do I need a disability lawyer?

  1. Type of Disability Claim: If you are applying for disability benefits through programs like Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI), having a disability lawyer can be beneficial, especially if your claim has been denied in the past. These programs often involve complex regulations, and a lawyer can help you navigate the process effectively.
  2. Severity of Disability: If your disability is severe and significantly impacts your ability to work or perform daily activities, it may be more crucial to seek legal representation. Severe disabilities often require strong medical evidence and careful legal arguments to secure benefits.
  3. Previous Denials: If your disability claim has been denied before, it’s a good idea to consult with a lawyer. They can help you understand why your claim was denied and work to address any issues or weaknesses in your application.
  4. Complex Medical Conditions: If your disability involves complex medical conditions or multiple impairments, a disability lawyer can assist in presenting your case most compellingly by working with medical experts and gathering relevant evidence.
  5. Appeals Process: If you are at the stage of appealing a denied disability claim, it’s highly advisable to have a lawyer. They can represent you at hearings, present evidence, cross-examine witnesses, and argue your case effectively before an administrative law judge.
  6. Discrimination Claims: If you believe you have faced discrimination based on your disability in employment, housing, or public accommodations, consulting with a disability lawyer is advisable. They can help you understand your rights and navigate the legal process to seek redress.
  7. Legal Complexity: Disability law can be intricate, and it’s easy to make mistakes or miss important details in the application or appeals process. A lawyer can help ensure that your case is handled correctly from the beginning.
  8. Peace of Mind: Hiring a disability lawyer can provide peace of mind during what can be a stressful and uncertain time. They can handle the legal aspects of your case, allowing you to focus on your health and well-being.
  9. Cost Considerations: It’s important to understand the cost of hiring a disability lawyer. In many cases, disability lawyers work on a contingency fee basis, meaning they only get paid if you win your case, and their fee is typically a percentage of the back benefits awarded.

How to find a disability lawyer

Here are four methods for locating a disability attorney:

  1. Seek recommendations: To save time and effort, seek recommendations from friends and family members who have undergone the disability claims process. Inquire whether they were satisfied with their legal representation.
  2. Utilize online searches: Conduct an online search to find disability lawyers in your vicinity. This will yield a list of local options. Additionally, websites like Nolo.com and Lawyers.com offer state-specific lawyer databases, facilitating quick candidate comparisons.
  3. Evaluate experience: Not all lawyers practicing the same type of law possess identical experience or specializations. It’s important to look for a disability attorney who has a track record of handling cases similar to yours.
  4. Request a complimentary consultation: Reputable disability attorneys typically offer free initial consultations. Take advantage of this opportunity to ask specific questions, interact with the office staff, and gauge the attorney’s personality.

What to look for in a disability lawyer

It’s crucial to select a disability attorney you can place your trust in, and here are several key considerations:

  1. Active Legal License: Disability lawyers must hold a valid law license in at least one state, allowing them to handle cases nationwide. You can verify an attorney’s license through the American Bar Association.
  2. Relevant Expertise: Seek an attorney with experience in handling cases related to your specific disability or medical condition. Their familiarity with the nuances of your situation can significantly benefit your case.
  3. Genuine Interest: A reputable disability lawyer should express genuine interest in your case. They should inquire about your employment history and medical diagnoses before committing to represent you.
  4. Application Support: An attorney who assists in completing your disability application can prove invaluable, as an incomplete application may cause delays in approval.
  5. Transparency: A trustworthy lawyer should be open and transparent. Ask about their success rate, their experience with cases similar to yours, and their years of practice in disability law to make an informed decision.

Be cautious and consider seeking help elsewhere if you encounter any of these warning signs:

  • Lack of Accreditation: They are not accredited as an attorney or a disability advocate.
  • Upfront Fees: You are required to pay fees in advance.
  • Guaranteed Approval: They promise you will be approved for benefits without considering the specifics of your case.
  • Pressure to Sign: They pressure you to sign a contract hastily.
  • Hidden Fees: They do not disclose their fee structure upfront, leading to potential financial surprises down the road.

How much does a disability lawyer cost?

Disability lawyers operate on a contingency fee basis, compensating only upon a successful claim approval.

A disability lawyer’s fees are derived from a portion of the client’s past-due benefits, representing the owed amount for the months between the onset of the disability and the commencement of disability coverage.

The government imposes restrictions on how much disability lawyers can charge their clients. They can receive up to 25% of the client’s past-due benefits or a maximum of $7,200, depending on which amount is lower. This fee is subtracted directly from the client’s past-due benefits and remitted to the attorney.

For instance, if a client is approved for $21,000 in past-due benefits, the attorney can collect a maximum of 25%, which amounts to $5,250. This sum is subtracted from the client’s past-due benefits, resulting in a remaining payment of $15,750.

However, if the past-due benefits amount to $38,000, the attorney would only receive up to $7,200, as 25% of the past-due benefits ($9,500) exceeds the fee cap. This $7,200 would be deducted from the past-due benefits, leaving the client with $30,800.

Additionally, lawyers may bill for out-of-pocket expenses, such as fees associated with obtaining medical records or mileage costs.


Am I guaranteed to be approved for disability benefits if I hire a lawyer?

No. A disability lawyer can assist you in building a case to request benefits, but hiring a lawyer does not guarantee you will receive disability benefits.

What is the most a disability lawyer can charge?

Disability lawyers are not allowed to charge more than $7,200 for their service or 25% of your back pay, whichever is less. This payment is deducted from your back pay, so you do not have to pay out of pocket.

Is Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) the same as Social Security Income (SSI)?

No. Both provide assistance to individuals with disabilities and offer health insurance, but they are separate programs. SSDI is only available to individuals who have paid into the insurance program and is based on an individual’s earnings. Qualification for SSI is based on financial need and is available to disabled individuals and those with low income.

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